The Georgian era is named after four kings of Britain, all named George, who ruled over Britain and Ireland between 1714 – 1830.

During the Georgian period, towns and cities were growing very quickly. Builders created terraced houses as a way of fitting lots of grand houses into a small area. We really enjoyed this video, giving a tour of 29 Fitzwilliam Street.

You can take a closer look at the rooms of this house on the website

Or click on the circles in each room to find out more about the objects you might find in a grand Georgian house

We have an amazing example of Georgian architecture just down the road from us. It is definitely worth a visit. But while the building remains closed, you can learn about it with these videos.

But not everyone was rich, and lived in such beautiful homes. In Ireland at the time, people were generally very poor. They grew their own food such as oats, barley and potatoes on rented land to feed themselves. They used simple tools such as shovels and hoes to farm. They raised and sold pigs to earn some extra money. People mainly wore clothes made out of simple materials such as wool.

People lived in houses made of mud and stone, with only one or two rooms and no windows. The only furniture people owned were chairs and beds, but often people had to sleep on the floor.

The only way people could generate heat was by burning turf or cooking in a big metal pot, in the centre of the home to keep everyone warm.

Penal Laws

Under the Penal Laws, Catholic people weren’t allowed to members of parliament. They weren’t allowed to vote, join the army, become lawyers, inherit land or carry weapons.

Catholic schools were also banned under Penal laws. Illegal ‘Hedge schools’ were set up where children would go to people’s homes or sit outside and learn the Irish language, reading, writing and Maths.