We have covered a wide range of topics so far this year. Here are some optional activities/suggestions on some of the key topics your child can practise at home.

**Time; you can use the handmade clocks we made during the year**

- Talk to your child about forthcoming events – family birthdays, St Patrick’s Day, summer holidays, Christmas, the seasons, months, dates, etc.
- Have a weekly timetable/calendar on display in your home. Work on saying in order the days of the week, months of the year and seasons.
- Revise how to read in one hour and half hour intervals on a clock. Point out that when the long hand points to 12 we say o’clock, when it points to 6 we say half past.

This year the children are learning how to read a quarter past and a quarter to an hour – when the long hand points to 3 we say a quarter past and when it points to 9 we say a quarter

to. - Talk aloud, ‘It’s 9 o’clock – nearly bedtime.’ ‘We are leaving at half past 8.’ ‘The match is beginning at a quarter past 6.’ ‘The film is starting at a quarter to 7’, etc.
- Time your child doing simple tasks and talk about the amount of time that has passed.
- This year we are also beginning to read digital time – 4:00 or 4 o’clock, 5:30 or half past 5. Point out the time on clocks, watches, computers, timetables, posters, etc.
*Vocabulary*: days of the week, months of the year, seasons, before/after, early/late, earlier/later, next, yesterday /tomorrow, school day/weekend, morning, afternoon, evening, night, minute, calendar, o’clock, half past, quarter past, quarter to, digital

**Money**

- Playing shop at home can give your child practice in using and exchanging coins. You can use any household items for the shop – toys, cans of food, shoes, etc. Price the items using the values 1 cent, 2 cents, 5 cents, 10 cents, 20 cents, 50 cents, €1. Get your child to write the prices out on small slips of paper.
- Practise different ways of making up the prices using the coins, e.g. I can make 50 cents using 1 coin; can you make it using 3 coins? Now exchange a €1 coin for 2 coins that will make up the same value.
- Playing shop also gives an excellent opportunity for your child to practise giving change from €1.

Encourage your child to count on when working out change, e.g. if an item cost 75c, count on 5c to 80c, then count on a further 20c to €1, so they give 25c change. - Get your child to take 4 coins out of a small bag. Once they have added the coins together, get them to write down the amount on a piece of paper or small chalk board. Repeat this using a different number of coins.

**Word problems; adding and subtracting **

It is essential to know when to add or subtract when tackling such problems.

*Words that tell us to add include*: add, plus, and, altogether, in total, more, sum of*Words that tell us to subtract include*: take away, subtract, minus, how many fewer, how many left, difference between.- If there are two parts to the sum, write out the number sentence carefully and do the sum inside the brackets first.
- Revise the following (RUCSACK) regularly with your child:

*Read*– Make sure you read the question twice.

*Understand*– What is it asking you to do? Can you explain it in your own words? (highlight key words)

*Calculate*– What calculation is needed? (add/subtract?)

*Solve*– What strategy are you going to use to solve the problem? (e.g. draw a picture or diagram?)

*Answer*– Have you clearly shown your answer?

*Check*– Have you checked your work?

**Place Value (practise for subtraction with renaming)**

- When you rename a number, you take away 1 ten and you put it with the units. If you rename the number 23, you take away 1 of the tens. This leaves 1 ten and 3 units. You put the ten with

the units, so you now have 1 ten and 13 units. - Get a piece of A4 paper. Draw a line down the centre of the paper. You now have two sections;

– call the one on the left tens and the one on the right units. - Using either lollipop sticks or matchsticks and your template page, practise making a tens and units number.
*For example*the number 25 would have 2 matchsticks on the tens side and 5 on the units side. - Now introduce renaming this number. Take away one of the tens. Remember, this ten is equal to 10 units. Place

these 10 units (10 matchsticks) on the units side. Now count how many tens and units are left – 1 ten and 15 units.